Successful People’s Struggles Can Motivate You

What do Galileo, Newton, and Einstein have in common? No, not that they were brilliant scientists with ridiculously long lists of achievements. If you are a struggling physics student, this fact will probably discourage you further. However, research has shown that if you focus on another commonality among them—that they have struggled to make important discoveries—you will soon realise that even geniuses work hard and will eventually understand their previously impenetrable theories. So, start reading biographies and learn how your heroes have struggled. Continue reading

Learning Is About Retrieving

How do you learn something or prepare for a test? Read your notes and books once? Reread them? Create mind maps? Recall the material after reading? Or something else? Research has found that the most common learning strategy is reading or studying something repeatedly because we assume it results in better learning. Unfortunately, that is the least effective and efficient method. It is repeated retrieval or active recall that produces more learning than any of the other strategies mentioned above. Continue reading